This paper takes as its starting point the economic system, and using the framework explores how the economic system – with price signals as powerful motivators- can be designed to meet citizens’ needs whilst ensuring natural resources and eco-systems are available for future generations.

FSSD align report R3IA

phos report  This paper takes the reader through how the Höglund mechanism of flexible fees might be applied to phosphorus(P) and nitrogen(N). It then compares in detail the Flexible Fee Mechanism with Cap and Trade in the specific case of Phosphorus. Brief_PhosphorusRD5Download the appendix separately for a factor by factor comparison of Cap and Trade and Flexible FeespdfCOMPARISON_FFCT


 How Flexible Emissions Fees Can Drive Transition to Fossil-free and Sustainable Living



Stephen Hinton
Anders Höglund
Published online 17 June 2013
 pdf whitepaperFE_V4.02


 “An Economic Policy for Robust Sustainable Recovery”

is a condensed description of economic measures proposed for a robust recovery of ailing european economies. The principles of the proposed measures are based on the more comprehensive paper “An Economic Paradigm for Robust Sustainable Progress”.

An Economic Policy for Robust Sustainable Recovery – TSSEF

An economic paradigm for stable, sustainable, development by Anders Höglund

This discussion paper presents Höglund’s Interest rate rule: a new paradigm within the field of macroeconomics. It suggests practical methods to maintain an optimally strong, environmentally compliant and genuinely sustainable, employment-conducive demand in the economy.

Download the publication here   an-economic-paradigm-for-robust-sustainable-progress-alh-march-2012

Swedish version ett-ekonomiskt-paradigm-for-stabil-hallbar-utveckling

Coverwhitepaper3Flexible emissions fees meet the challenge of externalities. By Stephen Hinton

This White Paper presents the case for Höglund’s flexible emissions fees mechanism. It discusses the challenge of externalities; ensuring economic growth whilst reducing emissions. It presents the mechanism in principle and explains some of the possible approaches to applying it.

Download the report here.whitepaperFE_V3.05

coverIVL reportA Flexible Pollution Tax by Mark Sanctuary and Anders Höglund

The report outlines a method to put a price on emissions targeted by government for substantial reduction or complete elimination.

The fee provides a mechanism by which pollution can be reduced in an economically efficient manner. The basic principle for the mechanism is that the pollution abatement should be cost efficient, not only concerning the distribution between the measures of abatement but also concerning the speed by which the total amount of pollutant emissions is reduced over time. The concept combines those efficiency advantages of a pollution tax with an innovative way of setting the level of the fee using the decisions of individual firms acting on an open market.

Höglund’s fee does not consider damages to the environment when setting the level of the fee. Rather, the level of the tax is dependent on the development and adoption of cleaner technology. Höglund’s tax also subjects polluting firms to short-term volatility. This drives firms to buy and sell pollution contracts on market in order to hedge their abatement decisions.

Rapporten “En flexibel miljöskatt” på Svenska. The report in Swedish.